Lung cancer is a type of cancer that is preventive to a certain extent if adequate measures are taken before hand. However if you have an increased risk of lung cancer, you should always consider a cancer screening process for your lungs which require low dose CT scans.
These scans should always be taken by chainsmokers or by people who are older than 55 and have been smoking heavily for quite sometime now.
If you’re a smoker who hasn’t quit, you must always be prepared for the worst. Get your tests done and see if anyone in your family has a cancer history.
What should you do if you feel you have lung cancer
If you feel like you have something in your body that’s causing you discomfort or you if you’ve done your research and you know it’s cancer, your doctor will make you take either of these tests to be absolutely sure.
- Sputum cytology- If you have a prolonged cough that refuses to go away and you’re producing phlegm, then looking at the phlegm under a microscope might reveal the presence of cancer cells in your body.
- Imaging tests- This requires an X-ray image of your lungs. If the X-ray reveals a module or mass that is seemingly abnormal then a a further CT scan can be performed that can reveal lesions over the lung area that might escape the X-ray. Lung Cancer Treatment in india usually starts with imaging tests.
- Biopsy- A biopsy, also known as tissue sampling, can be performed in many ways. Here sample of the abnormal cancer cells are removed in different ways. In bronchoscopy, the doctor examines the lungs with the help of a lighted tube that will highlight the abnormal areas of there are any. Then we have mediastinoscopy where a cut is made at the base of the neck and surgical equipment are inserted behind the breastbone to acquire tissue samples from the lymph nodes. Next comes the needle biopsy where a needle is carefully inserted into the body and is guided into the wall of the chest to collect suspicious cells that indicate the presence of cancer.
The sample for biopsy may also be taken from another part of the body if the cancer has spread. Once these samples are tested in a lab they’ll let you know if you identify as a person with or without cancer. If it’s the former then the specific characteristics of your cells will help with the treatment plan.
How to determine the stage of lung cancer
Once the tests to determine the presence of lung cancer are completed and you’re tested positive, further tests are done to see how far it has spread or if it has just started off. The tests consists of MRI, CT scan and PET scans. Every test is different for a different person so before you go into this procedure, talk to your doctor about the test and ask him why is he doing that very specific test. It is important that you’re concerned with these simple things to know which procedure is exactly right for you.